Global information and education on HIV and AIDS

See Article History Alternative Titles: The territory is roughly triangular—approximately miles km from north to south and miles from east to west—with its eastern side protruding into a sharp point. Its eastern and southern borders are marked by river courses and an old wagon road; its western borders are lines of longitude and latitude through the Kalahari , and its northern borders combine straight lines with a river course. African elephants Loxodonta africana in Botswana. It was also one of the poorest and least-developed states in the world. Since its independence the Republic of Botswana has gained international stature as a peaceful and increasingly prosperous democratic state. Land Botswana is bounded by Namibia to the west and north the Caprivi Strip , Zambia and Zimbabwe to the northeast, and South Africa to the southeast and south. The Zambezi River border with Zambia is only several hundred yards long. The border along the main channel of the Chobe River up to the Zambezi was disputed with Namibia until a ruling by the International Court of Justice favoured Botswana.

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Botswana Museums and Art Galleries Botswana, BW, Southern Africa Whilst Botswana has relatively few museums, those that have been set up offer a fascinating glimpse into the country’s culture and heritage. The National Museum and Art Gallery situated in Gaborone is by far the largest and most important, and definitely the one to visit if your time is limited. However, various traditional museums have sprung up in Botswana’s smaller towns and cities from the s onwards.

These particular cultural attractions have gradually started to become increasingly popular with visitors in recent years and are very much worthy of a look if you are in the vicinity. National Museum and Art Gallery Address:

Botswana Tourism: TripAdvisor has 48, reviews of Botswana Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Botswana resource.

In Botswana there were a few records of this duck during the s and early s from Jwaneng, Nata, Moshaneng and Pitsane. Subsequently, Maccoas were found to be regular in southeastern and eastern Botswana with breeding proven at Jwaneng Golf Club dam and on several small pans. They are absent from the Okavango Delta and Chobe River but occasionally occur in the Makgadikgadi area. Only Phakalane sewage ponds regularly held regionally, sometimes globally, important numbers of this species, numbers usually being higher in the winter than in the summer.

Jwaneng sewage ponds and the Golf Club dam were also favoured sites. In E Botswana the old Francistown sewage pond complex was the best site for high numbers in both the wet and dry seasons. Information on numbers and occurrence up to are given in Tyler, S. A review of waterbird counts in Botswana, Babbler Special Supplement No.

Botswana Bird Club, Gaborone. Since numbers have declined dramatically at Phakalane sewage ponds and the site is no longer important for them.


Before the s the only study focussed within the borders of Botswana was the surface collection of Stone Age tools in the Tati Francistown district by H. Gordon – deposited with bare documentation in the Bulawayo museum. The antiquarian Richard Hall added ‘Zimbabwe’ sites in Botswana to his books on Rhodesian ruins around the turn of the last century. The pioneer Stone Age archaeologist of western Zimbabwe, Neville Jones, was also probably familiar with parts of Botswana. The largely unpublished work of P.

Laidler from South Africa in the s, on the pottery of a few major Iron Age sites in eastern Botswana including Toutswe north of Palapye , was important in that it contributed to the pioneering pottery classification of Schofield in the s.

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Hertz Southern Africa Central Reservations: The Hertz brand has been driving the corporate, government and leisure car rental markets in South Africa since and continues to be a respected and instantly recognizable brand in the vehicle rental sector. We are proud to be a division of Unitrans Automotive, a major vehicle dealer group that operates across a network of over 80 dealerships and specializes in a broad range of motor and related products and services: Locations Hertz currently has over 42 branches strategically located at major hubs throughout South Africa with the opening of a further seven locations at Gautrain stations imminent.

Hertz has five locations in Namibia and, in , we expanded our southern African footprint to include Zimbabwe where we have locations in Harare International Airport and Victoria Falls. A fifth location is opening in downtown Kasane shortly. Fleet From city runabouts and holiday hatchbacks to luxury sedans, people carriers, sporty SUVs or 4×2 and 4×4 single and double cabs, we pride ourselves on operating a diverse passenger car and bakkie fleet aged on average 12 months or less.

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Dating from , this safari camp has been renovated and modernised without losing any of its game-viewing appeal. Okaukuejo is the administrative headquarters of the Park and also houses the Etosha Ecological Institute, which is tasked with conserving the wide variety of fauna and flora in this part of Namibia. Accommodation Guests are accommodated in chalets and 26 campsites. The chalets are scattered throughout the camp and there is a chalet type for every taste. The 5 Premier Waterhole Chalets overlook the floodlit waterhole and offer luxury accommodation.

Whereas the other chalet types are booked on a bed and breakfast basis, the Premier Chalets offer full board accommodation.

The opposition Botswana People’s Party (BPP) – once the dominant political force in Francistown – takes a hard line on Tati.

Botswana is safari country par excellence. Let us tailormake a safari to suit your needs. There is no need to accommodate others when you spend your hard-earned money on something quite as unique. We supply the vehicle, set up camp and make sure that you will thoroughly enjoy the trip. Accommodation in Botswana is not cheap, but you will be surprised to see how affordable a private safari with 4 people can be. Don’t hesitate to contact us. Botswana’s remote parks and reserves offer a diverse and abundant variety of wildlife that relatively few people are fortunate enough to experience.

Botswana, a peaceful, landlocked country in Southern Africa, shares its borders with South Africa in the south and east, Namibia in the north and west, Zimbabwe in the north east, and Zambia in the north. Botswana has become increasingly prosperous since its independence in and is served by a network of good roads. The renowned Okavango Delta is the largest inland river delta in the world. Its myriad small islands are home to an amazing variety of birds, plants and animals.


There are many barriers to HIV prevention in Botswana including the withdrawal of programme funding in recent years by international donors, punitive laws against marginalised groups and gender inequality. It was the first country in the region to provide universal free antiretroviral treatment ART to people living with HIV, paving the way for many other countries in the region to follow. The impact of its treatment programme has been widespread. New infections have decreased significantly, from 15, in to 9, in , although in recent years they have begun to rise again, with 10, reported in AIDS-related deaths have dramatically decreased from the 14, recorded in to 3, in

The original railway station no longer stands, but Botswana Railways still runs through the town, then passing through Gaborone, and towns further north, before reaching Francistown. There are several interesting archaeological remains to be seen around Lobatse.

Wednesday, November 12 Woke up to: No birds but also no elephants Breakfast: Snack along the way: Marie biscuits, corn cakes and pouch tuna Lunch: But Christo recommended it and it was tasty. We bought one, devoured it, ordered another, devoured it, ordered another. Also bought 4 cool drinks- Fanta and coke. We found our campsite and jumped in the pool, much to the other lodgers dismay.

How do you empty a pool in a moment? We met Charles back at the jetty. I bought fabric from a little market hut. We took our tour on the Chobe National Park river.

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Traveller Erik Pierson rode the train in late Everything worked, linen was delivered and very clean, the train was maybe not so clean, but we could watch the staff disinfecting and cleaning in the morning, so it was acceptable standard. The linen man made the beds after departure and followed the train all night, and took back the linen at arrival in Victoria Falls, all this for 2 customers and 4 USD each!

There was a generator car, as well as some water to flush the toilet and a lock inside the compartment. Some problems climbing into the upper bed, since there was no ladder, but it worked. Nice staff and a wonderful trip, we could see giraffes, antelopes and monkeys from the train.

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The CAR covers a area of about , square kilometres and had an estimated population of around 4. Two thirds of the country is within the Ubangi River basin, while the third lies in the basin of the Chari. As of , according to the Human Development Index, the country had the lowest level of human development and this Agricultural Revolution, combined with a Fish-stew Revolution, in which fishing began to take place, and the use of boats, allowed for the transportation of goods.

Products were often moved in ceramic pots, which are the first known examples of artistic expression from the regions inhabitants, the Bouar Megaliths in the western region of the country indicate an advanced level of habitation dating back to the very late Neolithic Era. Bananas arrived in the region and added an important source of carbohydrates to the diet, production of copper, salt, dried fish, and textiles dominated the economic trade in the Central African region.

During the 16th and 17th centuries slave traders began to raid the region as part of the expansion of the Saharan, in the mid 19th century, the Bobangi people became major slave traders and sold their captives to the Americas using the Ubangi river to reach the coast. The European penetration of Central African territory began in the late 19th century during the Scramble for Africa, Europeans, primarily the French, Germans, and Belgians, arrived in the area in The concessionary companies forced local people to harvest rubber, coffee, between , a year after the French first arrived, and , about half of the population died as a result.

New forms of forced labor were also introduced and a number of Ubangians were sent to work on the Congo-Ocean Railway. In , an insurrection, the Kongo-Wara rebellion or war of the hoe handle, broke out in Western Ubangi-Shari 2. Botswana — Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana, is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. The citizens refer to themselves as Batswana, formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September Since then, it has maintained a tradition of stable representative democracy.

Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert and it is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.

Train travel in Zimbabwe . . .

Getting Here Francistown makes a great stopover for people who are interested in learning about the modern culture of Botswana. It has a very welcoming atmosphere and any traveler will be met with true African hospitality. It boasts excellent shopping, a fun nightlife, fancy hotels, a casino, wonderful markets and well-tended parks.

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Seventy-nine old granny, Gaboitsiwe Maphane and Franz Tsietso, 53, are on a mission to go and see President Masisi over the issue. In an interview with Botswana Guardian last week, Maphane said the MP knew the land was theirs and that he took advantage of her old age and connived with Ngwato Land Board to take her piece of land at Motatawa. She wrote to Ngwato Land Board on September 15, appealing decision taken by Letlhakane Sub-Land Board concerning the allocation of a ploughing field to Lelatisitse.

In June the same year the Sub Land Board resolved to dismiss her, saying she does not have the right over the land concerned. She was advised that there was enough space next to her field which she could use, and concluded by giving the MP the rights saying he was the rightful owner. Botswana Guardian is in possession of documents between the parties, dating back from A document from the Land Tribunal in Palapye in says the matter was dismissed on the basis that she does not have rights over the land.

She revealed that she had owned the six-hectare plot since through the time of receiving a land grant in

Why is AIDS Worse in Africa?

Owing to good rains just prior to her visit I decided that the route to Lekhubu might be impassable, so the next best option was to go to Kaitshe. So Maggie and I, with our respective partners at work together, headed out into the African bush. The road to the view point was very eroded which made for some very interesting driving and the last part to the summit, very rocky and some rocks we actually had to climb up.

May 31,  · Botswana has a high rate of HIV/AIDS so there are many people who die. It has become such a norm for the people of this culture that every weekend there is a funeral going on.

Early history[ edit ] Starting fire by hand. San people in Botswana. Archaeological digs have shown that hominids have lived in Botswana for around two million years. Stone tools and fauna remains have shows that all areas of the country were inhabited at least , years ago. Both speak Khoisan languages and hunted, gathered, and traded over long distances.

When cattle were first introduced about years ago into southern Africa, pastoralism became a major feature of the economy, since the region had large grasslands free of tsetse fly. In that era, the ancestors of the modern-day Kalanga moved into what is now the north-eastern areas of the country. These proto-Kalanga were closely connected to states in Zimbabwe as well as to the Mapungubwe state. These states, located outside of current Botswana’s borders, appear to have kept massive cattle herds in what is now the Central District–apparently at numbers approaching modern cattle density.

During this era, the first Tswana-speaking groups, the Bakgalagadi , moved into the southern areas of the Kalahari. All these various peoples were connected to trade routes than ran via the Limpopo River to the Indian Ocean, and trade goods from Asia such as beads made their way to Botswana most likely in exchange for ivory, gold, and rhinoceros horn. The arrival of the ancestors of the Tswana-speakers who came to control the region has yet to be dated precisely.

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Immigration regulation Each of these strategies has widely differing levels of efficacy, social acceptance, and acceptance in the medical and scientific communities. Over 60 countries impose some form of travel restriction, either for short- or long-term stays, for people infected with HIV. These persuasive messages have successfully increased people’s knowledge about HIV. More importantly, information sent out through advertising and social marketing also proves to be effective in promoting more favorable attitudes and intentions toward future condom use, though they did not bring significant change in actual behaviors except those were targeting at specific behavioral skills.

African American audiences need to be educated about strategies they could take to efficiently manage themselves in health behaviors such as mood control, management of drugs, and proactive planning for sexual behaviors. However, these things are not as important for European Americans.

The Trans Kalahari Highway passes through the district and it serves as a link between South-Africa, Botswana and Namibia and it’s a coast-to-coast corridor (Maputo-Walvis Bay corridor) linking Botswana, Swaziland, Mozambique, Namibia and South Africa.

Day Trips from Francistown January 18, Are you looking to add something new to your Botswana travel? Take a trip out of town for a day and explore the attractions within reach of Francistown. An easy 20 minute drive takes you to Tachila Nature Reserve , which is found just 18km from Francistown. Here you will find an unexpected patch of wilderness, covering 8 hectares of pristine Botswana bushveld, with naturally occurring game species like hyena, kudu, impala, bushbuck, warthog, steenbok, klipspringer, leopard and rock dassies.

As the reserve is developed, it is intended for sought-after species like rhino, sable and roan antelope, cheetah, zebra, wildebeest, eland and giraffe to join the fray. Enjoy a drive around the reserve and the opportunity to relax in nature with a picnic in the boma area. If you are looking for big game action right away, take the two hour drive to Khama Rhino Sanctuary at Serowe, which is roughly km away from Francistown.

Here you can investigate a series of stone walls dating back to AD, which have stood the test of time, despite being created using no cement. Apart from their enduring nature, the walls are meticulously built, precisely styled and beautifully adorned with motifs. Take a trip back in time to reflect on and admire these amazing structures. For more information on day trips from Francistown, simply visit the reception desk at Cresta Thapama , or Cresta Marang Gardens , or your Francistown accommodation of choice.

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